Paperclip Lexicon

Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files

Compiled from original research aid compiled by CIA and provided by NARA.

The Lexicon is an essential tool to be used while examining the extensive operational records turned over by the Central Intelligence Agency in the Second Release.

The CIA produced a major finding aid to be used in conjunction with the Second Release Name and Subject Files. The 59 page Lexicon provides a wide range of definitions, identifications, and explanations associated with the CIA in its activities in Europe following World War II. Persons associated with intelligence activities and operations are identified not only by their real names, but also by various aliases, code names, and by their association with such bodies as the Gehlen Organization, CIA Operations in Eastern Europe and elsewhere are defined along with their operational code names and cryptonyms. Organizational elements of the CIA itself are identified by various cryptonyms and code words.


 

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A

Term Definition
A-287 Cryptonym for Josef Stigler.
ABN Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN). Stanislaw Stankiewicz was a member of the ABN Central Committee.
Abramtchik, Mikola AECAMBISTA-4, CAMBISTA-4 (cryptonyms). Associated with AEQUOR and AEDEPOT/AEREADY Projects. See also AMCOMLIB, BNR, CHAURUS, SONR.
ACEN Assembly of Captive European Nations (ACEN).
ACKERMAN Gehlen Organization alias for Ebrulf Zuber.
ACROBAT Cryptonym for Yury Lopatinsky.
Adenauer, Konrad UPTHRUST (cryptonym).
AEABYSS AEABYSS Project involved information collected on Salzgitter Industriebau GmbH. Walter Mehnert associated with Project.
AEABYSS-1 Cryptonym for Walter Mehnert.
AEACRE AEACRE (1952-64) established a mechanism for the planning and conduct of REDSOX operations via a Domestic Operations Base (DOB) used for the interrogation, assessment, training, briefing, and preparation for dispatch of agents for infiltration into the USSR. Aleks Kurgvel, Tscherim Soobzokov associated with Project.
AEASTER AEASTER was a program in near east areas to spot, recruit, and train Circassians and other Russian emigres and send them back into the USSR. Tscherim Soobzokov associated with Project.
AEBALCONY AEBALCONY (1960-62) was designed to use U.S. citizens with Baltic language fluency in “mounted” and “piggy-back” legal traveler operations into Sovietoccupied Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Jouzas Brazaitis, Vilis Hazners, Edgars Laipenieks associated with Project.
AEBASIN AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60), AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres and émigré activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN)) targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP) briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG Project. Antanas Bernotas, Jouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project. ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEBASIN-4 Cryptonym for Elmar Lipping.
AEBATH AEDOGMA / AEBATH (1947-61), which supported the activities of the Principal Agent (PA), Michael Korzhan, was designed to produce CI/CE information on two Ukrainian nationalist groups in Germany; positive intelligence on other Ukrainian groups in Germany and Western Europe; information on Soviet penetration of Orthodox churches; and miscellaneous CE and other support activities beginning in 1947. In 1959, the PA was transferred to Paris to report on the efforts of the Soviet Services in emigre circles; and to act as a spotter in Soviet emigre circles for REDSKIN opportunities. The PA was not very productive in Paris and the project was terminated in 1961.
AEBATH-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
AEBEEHIVE See QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB.
AEBLOSSOM AEBLOSSOM provided training for selected projects dealing with Latvia. Rudolf Kocins, Juris Spade considered for possible use on Project.
AEBOLSTER-1 Cryptonym for Michael Rudko.
AECADILT-10 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Gruenwaldt.
AECAMBARO-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
AECAMBARO-2 Cryptonym for Arturs Brombergs.
AECAMBISTA-1 Cryptonym for the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). Mikola Abramtchik in Paris was the head of the BNR.
AECAMBISTA-2 Cryptonym for Major Boris Ragula.
AECAMBISTA-4 Cryptonym for Mikola Abramtchik.
AECAMBISTA-16 Cryptonym for Vitaut Tumash.
AECAMBISTA-17 Cryptonym for Stanislaw Stankiewicz.
AECAMUSO-2 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
AECANOE-3 Cryptonym for Vilis Janums.
AECAPELIN-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
AECAPELIN-2 Cryptonym for Volodymyr Bohdan Slymakovsky.
AECARRERA AECARRERA (1953-58) exploited REDCAP opportunities (collection of information on Soviets stationed abroad) arising out of the propaganda distributed by AEVIRGIL and collected positive intelligence through debriefings of East German nationals visiting the AECARRERA office in Berlin in response to AEVIRGIL materials ballooned into East Germany. Wilhelm Gruenwaldt associated with Project.
AECARTHAGE See AERODYNAMIC.
AECASSOWARY-1 Cryptonym for Ukrainian émigré organization, ZP/UHVR, Foreign Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council.
AECASSOWARY-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
AECASSOWARY-3 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
AECASSOWARY-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
AECASSOWARY-27 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
AECAVATINA Cryptonym for either Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) or Foreign Section of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Zch/OUN).
AECAVATINA-1 Cryptonym for Stefan Bandera.
AECAVATINA-2 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Stetsko.
AECAVATINA-5 Cryptonym for Bodhan Pidhainy.
AECAVATINA-6 Cryptonym for the Bandera faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B).
AECHAMP See AEFREEMAN.
AECHAMP-7 Cryptonym for Alexandras Lileikis.
AECHEROOT Atomic energy sampling program.
AECOB AECOB, approved in 1950, was a vehicle for foreign intelligence (FI) operations into and within Soviet Latvia and involved infiltration and exfiltration of black agents and the recruitment of legally resident agents in the USSR, especially Latvia. ZRLYNCH was approved in 1950 for use of the Latvian Resistance Movement, which had been formed in 1944, as a vehicle for clandestine activities within the USSR. ZRLYNCH was renewed in 1952 as a part of AECOB, which then provided both FI and political and psychological (PP) activities. AECOB / ZRLYNCH PP project was terminated in 1955. AECOB FI project was terminated in 1959. Roberts Ancans, Andrejs Apsits, Nikolajs Balodis, Arturs Brombergs, Freds Launags, Edvins Ozolins, Janis Ozolins, Janis Presnikovs, Alfreds Riekstins, Peteris Rungis, ILmars Rupners, Arturs Stankevics, Vidvuds Sveics, Voldis Viksna associated with Project. Janis Ozols considered for possible use on Project.
AECOB-1 Cryptonym for Voldis Viksna.
AECOB-3 Cryptonym for Arturs Stankevics.
AECOB-4 Cryptonym for ILmars Rupners.
AECOB-5 Cryptonym for Peteris Rungis.
AECOB-6 Cryptonym for Janis Presnikovs.
AECOB-7 Cryptonym for Vidvuds Sveics.
AECOB-8 Cryptonym for Janis Ozolins.
AECOB-10 Cryptonym for Andrejs Apsits.
AECONFIDE-1 Cryptonym for Walther Block.
AECORSAIR-3 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AECUPBOARD Program to establish and maintain a communications channel via open mailing of packages to the USSR.
AEDEPOT AEDEPOT (formerly AEREADY) (1957-65) was designed to provide a trained “Hot War” cadre of agents who could be used during a period of heightened tensions/increased alert or during actual hostilities against the Soviet Union. Mikola Abramtchik, Constantine Mierlak, Tscherim Soobzokov associated with Project.
AEDOGMA AEDOGMA / AEBATH (1947-61), which supported the activities of the Principal Agent (PA), Michael Korzhan, was designed to produce CI/CE information on two Ukrainian nationalist groups in Germany; positive intelligence on other Ukrainian groups in Germany and Western Europe; information on Soviet penetration of Orthodox churches; and miscellaneous CE and other support activities beginning in 1947. In 1959, the PA was transferred to Paris to report on the efforts of the Soviet Services in emigre circles; and to act as a spotter in Soviet emigre circles for REDSKIN opportunities. The PA was not very productive in Paris and the project was terminated in 1961.
AEDOGMA-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
AEFLAG See AEFREEMAN.
AEFORD PBSTEAM (formerly EUCHRE, later AEFORD) (1948-50) provided the services, experience, and backgound of a Russian specialist, Gustav Hilger, not only for CIA but also for other U.S. Government agencies.
AEFREEMAN AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60), AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres and émigré activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN)) targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP) briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG Project. Antanas Bernotas, Jouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project. ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEGEAN AEGEAN (formerly CAPSTAN) provided FI (foreign intelligence) from the Baltic States and USSR using support bases developed in the Lithuanian SSR as transit points. AEGEAN/CAPSTAN work continued under Project AECHAMP.
AEGIDEON See AESAURUS / AENOBLE.
AEGLOBE Soviet Merchant Marine personnel.
AEGRIP Soviet Military Intelligence Directorate.
AEHAWKEYE-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
AEISSUE-1 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
AEJAMMER AEJAMMER provided translations and exploitation of Soviet mail intercept programs. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AEJAMMER-8 Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
AEJETSET Cryptonym for Erik Heine vs Yuri Raus lawsuit in Baltimore.
AEKICK Soviet Committee for State Security, KGB.
AEKILO-2 Cryptonym for Vilis Hazners.
AELADLE Anatoliy Golitsyn, Soviet defector and former KGB officer.
AELICTOR-1 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AELUNG Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
AEMANNER AEMANNER (1955-58) was an operation to collect intelligence on the Lithuanian SSR by spotting, recruiting, and training Lithuanians who planned to return to Lithuania; spotting, recruiting, and training Lithuanian merchant seamen who would be on vessels calling at Lithuanian SSR ports; exploiting existing postal channels between Lithuanian SSR and the West; and interrogating persons coming out of the Lithuanian SSR. Ignatz Apyrubis and Alexandras Lileikis associated with Project.
AEMANNER-23 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AEMANNER-7 Cryptonym for Alexandras Lileikis.
AEMARSH AEMARSH (1953-59) involved collecting foreign intelligence on the Soviet regime in Latvia through sources residing in the Latvian SSR, legal travelers, and all possible legal means. The Institute for Latvian Culture (AEMINX) was established as a cover facility engaged in the preservation and development of Latvian national culture, collection of information on Latvian national life, and the safeguarding and preserving of physical, spiritual, and moral conditions of Latvians who were separated from their homeland. Alfreds Berzins, Aleksandrs Burmeisters, Janis Cirulis, Vilis Hazners, Peteris Janelsins, Freds Launags, Herberts Zagars associated with Project.
AEMARSH-1 Cryptonym for Herberts Zagars.
AEMARSH-14 Cryptonym for Alfreds Berzins.
AEMARSH-15 Cryptonym for Peteris Janelsins.
AEMINX Cryptonym for the Institute for Latvian Culture that was established as a cover facility under Project AEMARSH.
AENIDUS BND/CIA joint operations against Karlshorst, the Soviet compound in East Berlin.
AENOBLE AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON / AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet émigré organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper “Possev.” This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as longterm hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI; Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
AEPAYOFF Information collected on the Soviet Trade Mission in Bonn, Germany.
AEPIONEER AEPIONEER provided personnel to do translations. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AEPIONEER-6 Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
AEPLIMSOLL Shipyards at Kiel, Germany.
AEPOLE See AEFREEMAN.
AEPOLE-1 organization Lithuanian émigré organization in West Germany.
AEPOLE-5 Cryptonym for Stasys Rastikis.
AEPOLE-8 Cryptonym for Jouzas Brazaitis.
AEPRIMER AEPRIMER’s (1957-59) objective was to establish long-term, durable assets illegally infiltrated into the Byelorussian SSR. Candidates for these assets were to be recommended by the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). However, AEQUOR/FI had similar objectives and was terminated in 1956 when information about AEQUOR Team 2 in Byelorussia surfaced in Pravda. In addition, AEQUOR’s relationship with the BNR was terminated for security reasons. AEPRIMER’s association with the BNR was limited to its President (Mikola Abramtchik) and his representative (Francis Kushel) in New York. AEPRIMER was terminated in 1959. Constantine Mierlak associated with Project.
AEPRIMER-1 Cryptonym for Constantine Mierlak.
AEQUOR AEQUOR Project (1951-62) involved operations into Byelorussia through the exploitation of the Byelorussia National Council (BNR), and later evolved into primarily supporting the publication of a Byelorussian language weekly newspaper. Mikola Abramtchik, Francis Kushel, Boris Ragula, Stanislaw Stankiewicz, Vitaut Tumash associated with Project. See AEPRIMER.
AEREADY See AEDEPOT.
AEREADY-2 Cryptonym for Constantine Mierlak.
AEREALITY AEREALITY was the Soviet Realities Orientation Training Program. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AERECOVER CARECOVER (formerly AERECOVER) was a net of Soviet military intelligence agents in Wiesbaden.
AERODYNAMIC AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70) refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council), which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR’s publishing and research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970, AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41), and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
AEROOT See AEFREEMAN.
AEROOT-7 Cryptonym for Romulus Mandel.
AEROSOL See AESAURUS / AENOBLE.
AESAURUS AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON / AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet émigré organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper “Possev.” This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as longterm hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI; Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
AESCREEN AESCREEN was Russian language transcription unit. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AESIDECAR-2 Cryptonym for Edgars Laipenieks.
AETARGET AETARGET provided information about Soviet audio monitoring programs. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AETENURE Prolog Research Corporation, the New York publishing arm of Project QRPLUMB.
AETERRACE Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies, which was the Munich office of QRPLUMB and published the monthly journal Suchasnist.
AETOMAC-1 Cryptonym for the Byelorussian Central Council (BZR/BCR).
AETOMAC-2 Cryptonym for Radislaw Ostrowsky.
AETOPHAT Information collected on the Soviet Embassy near Bonn, Germany.
AEVAIN-14 Cryptonym for Aleksandrs Burmeisters.
AEVAIN-24 Cryptonym for Janis Cirulis.
AEVIRGIL AEVIRGIL (1953-63) provided a controlled, anti-communist émigré organization for political and psychological activities against the Soviet target. The particular émigré organization, which was called the Central Association of Post-War Emigres (TsOPE) and located in Munich, produced and disseminated Russian language leaflets and a monthly magazine (Svoboda), held propaganda meetings and press conferences, and was engaged in psychological warfareagainst the Soviet target. Wilhelm Gruenwaldt associated with Project.
AEVIRGIL-109 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Gruenwaldt.
AFU Program AFU Program/UJLENTIL refers to SATURN Program’s Berlin and East German foreign intelligence stay-behind observer/reporter teams.
AIN Activities associated with the Armenians during 1952-54. Drostamat Kanayan associated with Project.
AJAJA Cable indicator for CIA Near East Division.
AKULE CIA Latin America Division.
ALBERT Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Albert, Ludwig V-2600 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ANDERS (Gehlen Organization alias).
Albert, Theodor Von GRANOLITE-30 (cryptonym).
ALBERTI, Dr. Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Emil Augsburg.
ALCATRAZ Project ALCATRAZ involved penetration of Communist Party of Germany. Hildegard Beetz associated with Project. Herbert Von Strempel, Kuno Wirsich considered for possible use by OSS/SSU/CIG on Project.
ALLEYCAT-14 Cryptonym for Roberts Stiglics.
ALLMANN, Heinrich Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Olbrueck.
ALTHAUS, Dr. Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Emil Augsburg.
AMCOMLIB American Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (AMCOMLIB) was a part of Project QKACTIVE. Mikola Abramtchik was the representative of a coordinating committee of non-Russian organizations representing six nationalities (Ukrainians, Georgians, Azerbaijani, North Caucasians, Armenians, and Byelorussians), which was founded in Europe to represent nonRussian groups willing to associate themselves with AMCOMLIB. PBAFFIRM (cryptonym). PBCHORD (cryptonym for Munich Office of AMCOMLIB).
AMIS Austrian Military Intelligence Service (AMIS). GREENSOAP (cryptonym).
Amt Blank Amt Blank was the predecessor organization of a part of West Germany’s Ministry of Defense under Theodore Blank, the first postwar Minister of Defense during the Adenauer administration. Colonel Friedrich Wilhelm Heinz associated with Amt Blank.
Ancans, Roberts CATTURA (cryptonym). Associated with AECOB/ZRLYNCH Project.
ANDERS Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Albert.
Anders, Heinz Heinz SCHAUTH, Peter ANDERS, Peter KIRCHNER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
ANDERS, Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Anders.
ANDROGEN See AERODYNAMIC.
Angerer, Johann PP-5 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for a member of his PP Net (Austrian Police and a counterintelligence network) in Austria).
ANT OSS/SSU cryptonym for Klavoli Voss.
ANTLER Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
ANTONOV, Rostislav Pseudonym for Sergie Shebalin.
APOSTLES Couriers sent by ZPUHVR to the Ukraine beginning in 1949.
Apsits, Andrejs TILBURY-1, AECOB-10 (cryptonyms). Associated with AECOB Project.
Apyrubis, Ignatz AELICTOR-1, AECORSAIR-3, AEMANNER-23 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project AEMANNER.
AQUATIC CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
Aradi, Zsolt CRABBE, SARAZEN (OSS cryptonyms). KILKENNY, CARRYALL (CIA cryptonyms). Malcolm W. STEVENS (pseudonym).
AREDIT Plan BAZAR and Project AREDIT included intelligence reporting on Near East matters. Ugo Dadone associated with Projects.
Arlt, Fritz V-2881 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). WERNER (Gehlen Organization alias).
Arrow Cross The Hungarian Arrow Cross was formed in the 1930s as the leading Hungarian fascist political party, led by Ferenc Szalasi. The Arrow Cross party ruled Hungary from 15 Oct. 1944 to Jan. 1945 and, during that time, sent 80,000 Jews on a death march to the Austrian border.
ASCHAM, Robert A. Pseudonym for Director of Central Intelligence Allen Dulles.
Aso. Tatsuo STBRANT-1, TLBRANT, LFSALAD (cryptonyms).
Augsburg, Emil V-2907 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Dr. Ernst ALBERTI, Dr. Ernst ALTHAUS, Dr. KRAUSS (Gehlen Organization aliases).
AVOCET Cryptonym for Heinz Schmalschlager.

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B

Term Definition
BACH, Andre Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
BACHMANN, Helmuth Gehlen Organization alias for Reinhardt Baumert.
BAER Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
BALDRIAN Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Behnke.
BALLACH, George A. Alias for Tscherim Soobzokov.
Balli Kombetar An anti-Communist and anti-Fascist resistance organization set up in 1939 at the time of Italy’s occupation of Albania. Hasan Dosti was President of Balli Kombetar (1949-54).
Balodis, Nikolajs CAMUSO-3 (cryptonym). Boris LOVETSKY (pseudonym). Associated with Project AECOB/ZRLYNCH.
Baltrusch, Fritz V-2665.5 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Bandera, Stefan AECAVATINA-1, CAVATINA-1 (cryptonyms).
Bandholz, Heinrich AEISSUE-1, CATOMIC-3, CATOPHAT-1 (cryptonyms). Associated with CATOPHAT Project.
BAOR British Army of the Rhine.
BARLEY OSS/SSU cryptonym for Ulrich Wirth.
BAUER, Alfred Gehlen Organization alias for Adolf Puchta.
Bauer, Hans V-9107 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Erich WOLF (Gehlen Organization alias).
BAUER, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Joseph Schreieder.
Baumert, Reinhardt Helmuth BACHMANN (Gehlen Organization alias).
BAZAR Plan BAZAR and Project AREDIT included intelligence reporting on Near East matters. Ugo Dadone associated with Projects.
BCR AETOMAC-1 (cryptonym for BZR/BCR). Byelorussian emigration was split into two organizations — the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or Byelorussian Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or Byelorussian
National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples Republic). The BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of Byelorussia and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw Ostrowsky. The BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was headed by Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its Operations Chief. Francis Kushel was BNR’s military representative in New York.
BDJ Bund Deutsche Jugend (BDJ) or League of German Youth, an organization in Project LCPROWL. KMPRUDE (cryptonym).
BEAUTYSHOP Polish Government Employees in East Berlin.
BECRIPPLE BECRIPPLE Project (1954-60) provided Polish operations run from Berlin and other Stations/Bases with support assets such as a secure safehouse on the economy; garage for a German plated vehicle; an agent/cutout for obtaining credit investigations on persons of operational interest; an agent for monitoring local Polish emigre activity; an agent for obtaining clandesting photographs of West Berlin Polish installations and other support facilities. Hellmuth Goerz, Wilhelm Ludtke associated with Project.
BECRIPPLE-2 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
BEDOX East Europe, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.
BEDUFFY Polish underground organization.
Beetz, Hildegard CAMISE, GAMBIT (cryptonyms). FELICITAS (alias used by Beetz when she was an agent for Amt VI, RSHA, 1940-45). Hildegard Blum (SSU pseudonym). Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt. Associated with Projects QKDEMON (fomerly EDUCATOR and UMPIRE) and ALCATRAZ.
BEFINAL-103 Cryptonym for Josef Urban while monitoring his peddling of fabricated intelligence reports.
Behnke, Kurt BALDRIAN (Gehlen Organization alias). UJDOWN (CIA cryptonym during German investigation of Behnke as a suspect MfS or Soviet agent during 1954-59. Behnke was also known to Heinz Felfe, a KGB penetration of Gehlen/BND
for 10 years until his arrest in 1961.)
BEKING BEKING Project provided live letter drops and phone cutout facilities for Berlin Base Polish operations. Hellmuth Goerz associated with Project.
BELLADONNA BELLADONNA involved collection of foreign intelligence on USSR and TRIDENT involved collection of counterintelligence on USSR through Ukrainian emigre activities and personalities (1946-48). Ivan Hrinioch, Michael Korzhan, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Myron Matviyeyko associated with Projects.
BELVEDERE-6B Cryptonym for Otto Anton Silberberg.
Ben-Nathan, Asher CONDUCTOR (cryptonym). Associated with Project SYMPHONY. Asher Ben-Nathan aka Arthur PIER.
Benuzzi, Valerio DEODAR-1 (cryptonym).
Berger, Friedrich Friedrich Von SARTORIUS (Rote Kapelle alias in WWII).
BERGER, Hans Guenter Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
BERGER, Paul Gehlen Organization alias for Otto Hoffmann.
BERGMANN, EDUARD Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Heidschuch.
BERGSTROM, Professor Karl Pseudonym for Nikolai Poppe.
Berisha, Destan THROWOFF-3, BLUEJAY-12 (cryptonyms). Anton POPOV (alias). Associated with Project BGFIEND.
Bernau, Guenter Hans V-3399 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). BAER, BRACHT, Hans Guenter BERGER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
BERNHARD Operation Operation BERNHARD was a German operation in WWII to counterfeit British and American money using about 140 Jewish inmates of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin. The Jewish inmates were experts in such fields as printing, binding, photography, and engraving. SS Sturmbannfuhrer Bernhard Kruger oversaw this work.
Bernotas, Antanas Associated with Project AEPOLE.
Berschneider, Josef Considered for possible use on Project KMMANLY.
Berthold-Bernard, Herbert JIGGER (OSS cryptonym).
Berzins, Alfreds AEMARSH-14 (cryptonym). Robert T. GOFORTH (pseudonym). Associated with Project AEMARSH.
BESMIRCH BESMIRCH (1953-55) was designed to provide Polish operations with communications links over the Polish-German border through the use of legal travellers. Wilhelm Ludtke associated with Project.
BESMIRCH-2 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
BfV West German Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security Service. West German equivalent of the FBI.
BGACTRESS CIA International Organizations Division (IOD).
BGCALLUS BGCALLUS was the cryptonym for the Institute for the Study of the USSR, which was a part of QKACTIVE (included this Institute, radio broadcasts, and other activities). Stanislaw Stankiewicz was Chairman of the Learned Council of BGCALLUS. Karl Toennies was considered for possible use on Project QKACTIVE.
BGCANE Regulations CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) regulations.
BGCONVOY BGCONVOY (formerly QKSTAIR) (1950-55) was the basic political and psychological (PP) and paramilitary (PM) program against Bulgaria with the objective of conducting psychological warfare (PW) operations against the Bulgarian regime and establishing in the country resistance organizations capable of PM activity of various types. BGCONVOY also provided for the development and exploitation of the Principal Agent, Ivan Docheff, who was leader of the Bulgarian National Front, and the newspaper published by the group.
BGENGINE Estonian National Council (ENR).
BGFIEND OBOPUS (formerly BGFIEND) (1949-58) was initially a joint US-British covert action program designed to overthrow the Soviet dominated regime of Enver Hoxha in Albania and evolved into establishing and exploiting National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA), propaganda media, infiltration agents, and economic warfare. VALUABLE was the British Albanian plan. The file includes Country Plan for Albania (V. 1); Project Outline, Reviews, Termination (V. 2); OBLIVIOUS: NCFA (V. 3); BGFIEND/JBPARSON: Albanian Holding/Training Camp W. Germany (V. 4); BGFIEND RED Team (V. 5); BGFIEND APPLE Team (V. 6); BGFIEND WILLOW Team (V. 7); BGFIEND-VALUABLE Leaflet Drops (V. 8); OBTUSE: Propaganda Campaign (V. 9); OBTEST: Clandestine Radio Broadcasts (V. 10); OBHUNT & OBSIDIOUS: Infiltration Missions (V. 11); BGSPEED: Vessel for Offshore Propaganda Missions (V. 12); BGFIEND Operations (V. 13-30); Photographs (V. 31). Hasan Dosti associated with OBLIVIOUS (part of OBOPUS). Xhaver Deva Principal Agent (PA) on BGFIEND. Destan Berisha, Ahmet Kabashi, Shaqir Kabashi associated with BGFIEND.
BGFIGHTER Staybehind programs.
BGFINESSE Indicator for mail pouches.
BGGYPSY Communist.
BGHABIT US Army Counterintelligence Corps (Army/CIC or CIC).
BGHIVES organization Intelligence organization.
BGLAPIN AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60), AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and emigre activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN)) targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP) briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG Project. Antanas Bernotas, Jouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project. ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
BGMURDER West Germany.
BGPACKAGE Scientific and technical operational matters.
BGRHYTHM CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
BGSPEED Vessel for offshore propaganda missions associated with Project BGFIEND.
BGWOEFUL Counterespionage in East Europe, Slovakia, Hungary.
Bickler, Hermann MAIR, SCHMIDT, WINKLER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Biederbick, Andreas V-4985 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Andre BACH, Alfred BRENNER, DANIEL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Billmaier, Kurt HOPKALIT (Polish Intelligence Service cryptonym).
BIOPHORE BIOPHORE Project provided information on Argentine immigration (1954-58). Jan Durcansky associated with Project.
BIOPHORE-1 Cryptonym for Jan Durcansky.
BIS British Intelligence Service (BIS). JAGUAR, SMOTH, SMYOPIA (cryptonyms).
Bitschnau, Wolfram TT-1 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria).
BKA West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)). CADOME, CAMEN (cryptonyms).
BKCROWN Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
BKHERALD Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
BKTRUST Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Bleil, Richard CATRANSIT-28, CAGENERAL-27 (cryptonyms). Associated with CATRANSIT and CAGENERAL Programs.
Block, Walther AECONFIDE-1, CASUSTAIN-8 (cryptonyms). Associated with CASUSTAIN Project.
BLUEJAY-12 Cryptonym for Destan Berisha.
Blum, Hildegard SSU pseudonym for Hildegard Beetz. Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt.
BND West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND). CAFEAT, CASCOPE, CATIDE, CATRIBE, CATUSK, HBLAURITE, QAFEAT, UJDUSK, UPHILL, UPSWING (cryptonyms).
BNR AECAMBISTA-1, CAMBISTA-1 (cryptonyms for BNR). Byelorussian emigration was split into two organizations — the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or Byelorussian Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or Byelorussian National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples Republic). The BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of Byelorussia and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw Ostrowsky. The BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was
headed by Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its Operations Chief. Francis Kushel was BNR’s military representative in New York.
Boehm, Anton V-6732 prior to 1950 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). CC-2 1950-53 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s (V-B) cryptonym for a member of his CC Net (V-B’s Headquarter’s staff and direct contacts) in Austria).
Boehrsch, Herbert V-2713 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Bohle, Ernst Wilhelm CALABRIA (cryptonym).
BOLERO BOLERO refers to the group of Germans from Foreign Armies East and headed by Reinhard Gehlen immediately after the war. The BOLERO group merged with the KEYSTONE group (headed by Herman Baun) to form the Gehlen Organization with Gehlen as Chief.
Bolschwing, Otto Von GROSSBAHN, UNREST, and USAGE (cryptonyms).
BORCHERS, Hermann Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sander.
BORCHERT, Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Deppner.
Borghese, Junio Valerio Associated with OSS Plan IVY (1944-45).
BOULDER BOULDER Project was a training program. Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project.
BRACHT Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
Brazaitis, Jouzas AEPOLE-8 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AEPOLE and Project AEBALCONY.
BRENNER, Andre Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
Bricha Bricha (Hebrew for “escape”) was the organized illegal mass immigration movement of Jews from Eastern Europe across the occupied zones and into Israel after WWII. The aim was to reach the coasts, where clandestine ships arranged by the Aliyah Bet organization could transfer the DPs to Palestine.
Founded by Abba Kovner and other surviving partisans of Vilna, Bricha began operations in July 1945. In 1946 as the exodus of survivors intensified, a network of way stations was established that would route the survivors through Poland and into the US-occupied Zone of Germany. The US Zone commanders and the Czech government tacitly permitted the infiltration. Soldiers from the Jewish Brigade and the underground Jewish army in Palestine administered the program and funds were provided by JDC. Bricha operatives who escorted the DPs were frequently survivors themselves.
Between August 1945 and June 1946, Bricha figures showed approximately 48,000 refugees had left Poland in this way. An unknown total number of Jews reached Palestine via Bricha, but estimates range from 80,000 to 250,000. See SYMPHONY.
Brombergs, Arturs RNPILLOW and AECAMBARO-2 (cryptonyms), Lyman M. HEMERET (pseudonym), Arturs LINDE (alias). Associated with AECOB/ZRLYNCH Project.
Bross, Alarich RNMOOSEY, KM-64, JG-3534 (cryptonyms). Associated with LCPROWL Project.
BRUCKNER, Paul Alias for Andreas Lottum.
Brueckner, Ernst CARPETMAKER, CASTIRRUP-1 (cryptonyms when he was Liaison Contact at BKA).
Brunner, Alois George FISHER (alias).
BURKHARDT Gehlen Organization alias for Friederich Busch.
Burkhardt, Hildegard Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt.
Burmeisters, Aleksandrs AEVAIN-14 (cryptonym). Associated with AEMARSH Project.
Busch, Friederich V-2982 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). BURKHARDT (Gehlen Organization alias). UJDRUG (CIA cryptonym when the Germans ran him as a double agent against the KGB in Fall PANOPTIKUM).
BZR AETOMAC-1 (cryptonym for BZR/BCR). Byelorussian emigration was split into two organizations — the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or Byelorussian Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or Byelorussian
National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples Republic). The BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of Byelorussia and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw Ostrowsky. The BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was headed by Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its Operations Chief. Francis Kushel was BNR’s military representative in New York.

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C

Term Definition
CABAKER West German Social Democratic Party (SPD).
CABALLETA-2 Cryptonym for Sven-Gunner Treuhoff.
CABANJO Cryptonym for Theo Saevecke when he was Liaison Contact at BKA.
CABATON CABATON (1956-64) provided accommodation addresses in Bonn and Frankfurt. Erich Neugebauer, Johannes Hirsemann associated with Project.
CABATON-165 Cryptonym for Erich Neugebauer.
CABATON-39 Cryptonym for Johannes Hirsemann.
CABATON-46 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
Cabell, General Charles P. William F. ORDWAY (pseudonym). General Charles P. Cabell was the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI) when Allen Dulles was the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from 1953-62.
CABEZONE Defector Reception Center (DRC) in Frankfurt, Germany.
CABOCHE-1 Cryptonym for National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz (NTS)), which reportedly was founded in the 1930s by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the
Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants. The NTS rebuilt itself on purely anti-Communist grounds in 1945. After the war, the NTS has its own newspaper “Possev.” See also AESAURUS, QKDROOP.
CABOLT CIA cryptonym for Joseph Schreieder as Liaison Contact at the LfV.
CACHINO-4 Cryptonym for Sergie Shebalin.
CACINNABAR Foreign intelligence program to train and maintain multi-purpose staybehind agents who could be used for clandestine communications.
CACROZE Office of Coordinator Advisor, Germany.
CACUS-4 Cryptonym for Otto Hantel.
CADENTINE CADENTINE Project subsidized a West German youth group. Leonid Von Cube associated with Project.
CADENTINE-4 Cryptonym for Leonid Von Cube.
CADINGY Cryptonym for Hans Joachim Kudoke.
CADOME West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)).
CADORY Cable indicator for German covert action.
CADRAIN Political/psychological project office in Berlin.
CADRASTIC CADROWN (formerly TPEMBER Apparat, CADRASTIC) (1952-55) was approved in 1952 as Amendment 3 to Project TPEMBER to establish a paramilitary resistance apparat in East Germany for escape and evasion and other staybehind resistance activities in case of war with the USSR. TPEMBER
(later CADROIT) (1949-55) supported a campaign to expose and to prevent where possible, illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. This was effected through the League of Free Jurists in East Germany.
CADRE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georgs Gaston Kulikovskis.
CADRIER Cryptonym for Karl Heinz Marbach.
CADROIT CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the Investigative Committee of Free Jurists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher Juristen (UfJ)), which developed from one person as the head of a notional committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ, with CIA assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany, based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ-sponsored International Congress of Jurists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International Commission of Jurists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use. Helmut Casemir associated with Project CADROIT.
CADROIT-4 Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CADROWN CADROWN (formerly TPEMBER Apparat, CADRASTIC) (1952-55) was approved in 1952 as Amendment 3 to Project TPEMBER to establish a paramilitary resistance apparat in East Germany for escape and evasion and other staybehind resistance activities in case of war with the USSR. TPEMBER
(later CADROIT) (1949-55) supported a campaign to expose and to prevent where possible, illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. This was effected through the League of Free Jurists in East Germany.
CADRUG German Mission Office of Security.
CADUCITY Cryptonym for Fredrich Otto Lehmann.
CAECTOMY Surveillance/investigative team in Frankfurt.
CAECTOMY-18 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
CAESAR Plan CAESAR was considered by the OSS as a double agent operation against the Japanese Intelligence Service in Italy (1945). Jose Garrette considered for possible use on Project.
CAFEAT Cryptonym for West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CAFIGHT CAFIGHT involved operations against the Soviet target in the Hamburg area. Hans Waldemar Seebode associated with Project.
CAFIGHT-2 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CAFILA Cryptonym for Gerhard Von Schwerin, who was Konrad Adenauer’s military advisor.
CAGENERAL CAGENERAL (1958-67) provided accommodation address custodians for Munich Operations Base clandestine operations. Richard Bleil assoiated with Program.
CAGENERAL-27 Cryptonym for Richard Bleil.
CAGER Cable indicator for German Station.
CAHECTIC-4 Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CAHELM CAHELM involved operations to penetrate the German Communist China Friendship Society and other extremist groups. Hans Waldemar Seebode associated with Project.
CAHELM-1 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CAHESSITE West German Defense Ministry.
CAINFER-1 Cryptonym for Werner Goettsch.
CAISSON-10 Cryptonym for Erwin Regen.
CAISSON-19 Cryptonym for Carl Heinz Mueller.
CAJERSEY Kampfgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit (KgU), or Fighting Group against Inhumanity. See DTLINEN.
CALABEL-1 Cryptonym for Gustav Hilger
CALABRIA Cryptonym for Ernst Wilhelm Bohle.
CALAMITOUS-1 Cryptonym for Franciszek Drzewiecki.
CA-LAND CA-LAND was joint Swedish/SSU boat operation into Latvia. Edvins Ozolins associated with Project.
CALESA-1 Cryptonym for Kurt Reichert.
CALL Cable indicator for West German foreign intelligence.
CALLENDER, Kenneth H. Pseudonym for James McCargar.
CALLIKAK Mail and telephone intercept program established by US Army in Germany after WWII.
CAMBARO-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
CAMBIO Project CAMBIO (Mar.-Nov. 1951) provided information on operating procedures, personnel, daily movement of trucks and trains from particular locations in Soviet Zone of Germany. Horst Paul Vettermann associated with Project.
CAMBIO-0 Cryptonym for Horst Paul Vettermann.
CAMBISTA-1 Cryptonym for the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). Mikola Abramtchik in Paris was the head of the BNR.
CAMBISTA-10 Cryptonym for Francis Kushel.
CAMBISTA-16 Cryptonym for Vitaut Tumash.
CAMBISTA-17 Cryptonym for Stanislaw Stankiewicz.
CAMBISTA-2 Cryptonym for Major Boris Ragula.
CAMBISTA-4 Cryptonym for Mikola Abramtchik.
CAMEL OSS/SSU cryptonym for George Srb.
CAMEN West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)).
CAMEO OSS/SSU cryptonym for Murat Ferid.
CAMERA OSS/SSU cryptonym for Fritz Schwend.
CAMISADE CAMISADE (formerly FORD) are OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms for Joachim Weinert.
CAMISE Cryptonym for Hildegard Beetz.
CAMISOLE OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym for Victor Larionoff.
CAMLET-1 Cryptonym for Arno Scholz.
CAMOG Cable indicator for operations and support activities in Munich not related to the BND.
CAMOMILE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Kuno Wirsich.
CAMPHOR Cryptonym for Leonid Tschoudnowsky.
CAMPUS US Army Counterintelligence Corps operation (1949-53) to identify individuals with Nazi backgrounds in the emerging West German Government.
CAMUSO-1 Cryptonym for Alfreds Riekstins.
CAMUSO-2 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
CAMUSO-3 Cryptonym for Nikolajs Balodis.
CAMY CIA Office of Policy Coordination/German Desk.
CANAKIN OSS/SSU/CIG/CIA cryptonym for Georg Gerebkov.
CANCAN OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym for Heinz Karl Krull.
CANDIDA Cryptonym for Heinz Schmalschlager.
CANNABIN OSS/SSU cryptonym for Ulrich Wirth.
CANNONADE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georg Meyer.
CANUCK Cryptonym for Sergie Froehlich.
CANZONET Cryptonym for George Spitz.
CAPANEUS Cryptonym (late 1940s) for Myron Matviyeyko.
CAPARISON Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CAPEDAL CASTONE/CAPEDAL involved surveillance and investigations supporting Munich Base. Eduard Fischer associated with Project.
CAPEDAL-1 Cryptonym for Eduard Fischer.
CAPEDAL-3 Cryptonym for Josef Flachslander.
CAPELIN-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
CAPELIN-2 Cryptonym for Volodymyr Bohdan Slymakovsky.
CAPELLA OSS/SSU cryptonym for Guenther Wischmann when he was an agent of Fritz Schwend.
CAPOTE Cryptonym for Friedrich Wilhelm Heinz, who was associated with Amt Blank, the predecessor organization of part of West Germany’s Ministry of Defense.
CAPRAIRIE Team Surveillance team.
CAPRIFORM Cryptonym for Gerhard Von Mende.
CAPSTAN AEGEAN (formerly CAPSTAN) provided FI (foreign intelligence) from the Baltic States and USSR using support bases developed in the Lithuanian SSR as transit points. AEGEAN/CAPSTAN work continued under Project AECHAMP.
CAPSULA Fried. Krupp A.G.
CAPSULA-1 Cryptonym for Alfred Krupp Von Bohlen und Halbach.
CARAVEL Cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
CARBODYDRATE Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CARCASS Operation AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON / AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet emigre organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper “Possev.” This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
CARDIFF Alias for Joachim Weinert when he was agent of NKVD officer Captain FNU Skurin.
CARECOVER CARECOVER (formerly AERECOVER) was a net of Soviet military intelligence agents in Wiesbaden.
CARETINA Cryptonym for Heinz Pannwitz.
CARETIRE-2 Cryptonym for Hans Czech.
CARLSON, Mr. W. Alias for Aleks Kurgvel.
CAROAST-3 Cryptonym for Josef Flachslander.
CARPETMAKER Cryptonym for Ernst Brueckner as Liaison Contact at BKA.
CARRIAGE Polygraph test.
CARRYALL Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
Carstenn, Friedrich JG-7091 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat Project.
CART Cable Indicator for counterespionage investigation reports.
CARTEL AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70) refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council), which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR’s publishing and research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970, AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41), and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
CARTEL-1 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CARTEL-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
CARTEL-3 Cryptonym for Yury Lopatinsky.
CARTEL-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
CARVER West German Foreign Office.
CASCOPE Cryptonym for West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
Casemir, Helmut CADROIT-4, CAHECTIC-4, CARBOHYDRATE, LINCOLN (cryptonyms). Associated with Project CADROIT.
CASNIDE CASNIDE was Gehlen Organization program (1955) to develop escape and evasion capabilities in West Germany in support of US European Command requirements.
CASPHERE Cryptonym for Ludwig Erhard during 1963-66.
CASSOWARY-1 Cryptonym for Ukrainian emigre organization, ZP/UHVR, Foreign Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council.
CASSOWARY-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
CASSOWARY-27 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
CASSOWARY-3 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CASSOWARY-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
CASTABIA Refugee debriefing program.
CASTIRRUP Security Group of the West German Federal Criminal Police
(Bundeskriminalamt).
CASTIRRUP-1 Cryptonym for Ernst Brueckner as Liaison Contact at BKA.
CASTONE CASTONE/CAPEDAL involved surveillance and investigations supporting Munich Base. Eduard Fischer, Josef Flachslander associated with Project.
CASTONE-16 Cryptonym for Josef Flachslander.
CASTONE-4 Cryptonym for Eduard Fischer.
CASUSTAIN CASUSTAIN involved operations against the Soviet target in Northern Germany. Walther Block, Inge Marie Gehrich, Hans Waldemar Seebode associated with Project.
CASUSTAIN-15 Cryptonym for Inge Marie Gehrich.
CASUSTAIN-5 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CASUSTAIN-8 Cryptonym for Walther Block.
CATADPOLE CATADPOLE Project involved surveillance and investigative activities in Frankfurt area. Heinz Till considered for possible use on Project.
CATADPOLE-1 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
CATARATA Cryptonym for Sergie Shebalin.
CATARSI Cable indicator for Berlin Base operational support.
CATIDE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CATOMIC CATOMIC (1970-74) superceded CATOPHAT and included access agent operations against the Soviet Embassy near Bonn and the Soviet Trade Mission near Cologne as well as operations to recruit or insert assets in West German companies which deal with the Soviet Union and Communist China. Heinrich Bandholz associated with Project.
CATOMIC-3 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
CATOPHAT CATOPHAT operation (1967-70) used an access agent directed against the Soviet Embassy near Bonn, West Germany and the Soviet Trade Mission near Cologne, West Germany. CATOPHAT was superceded by CATOMIC.Heinrich Bandholz associated with Project.
CATOPHAT-1 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
CATRANSIT CATRANSIT (1964-69) was launched by Berlin Operations Base (BOB) and provided for the development and maintenance of a courier pool that would sustain secure communication with agents residing in East Berlin and/or East Germany. This progam was necessary because BOB’s communications with most of its agents in East Berlin were severed when the Berlin Wall was erected in Aug. 1961. Richard Bleil associated with Program.
CATRANSIT-28 Cryptonym for Richard Bleil.
CATRIBE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CATROJANHORSE Soviet Consulate in Hamburg.
CATTURA Cryptonym for Roberts Ancans.
CATUSK West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CAUSA-1 Cryptonym for Hans Globke.
CAUTERY CAUTERY Project involved debriefing refugees for intelligence leads concerning likely defectors. Johann Dosse, Werner Franz Glasenapp, Heinrich Kutzler, Hans Lobbes, Andreas Lottum, Wilhelm Ludtke, Elfina Mellenthin, Walter Mellenthin, Theo Saevecke, Horst Paul Vettermann associated with Project.
CAUTERY-1 Cryptonym for Hans Lobbes.
CAUTERY-10 Cryptonym for Elfina Mellenthin.
CAUTERY-16 Cryptonym for Horst Paul Vettermann.
CAUTERY-18 Cryptonym for Heinrich Kutzler.
CAUTERY-2 Cryptonym for Theo Saevecke.
CAUTERY-3 Cryptonym for Walter Mellenthin.
CAUTERY-4 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
CAUTERY-5 Cryptonym for Werner Franz Glasenapp.
CAUTERY-6 Cryptonym for Johann Dosse.
CAUTERY-8 Cryptonym for Andreas Lottum.
CAVATA LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security Service).
CAVATA-16 Cryptonym for Hubert Schruebbers.
CAVATA-17 Cryptonym for Erich Wenger as Liaison Contact at BfV.
CAVATINA Cryptonym for either Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) or Foreign Section of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Zch/OUN).
CAVATINA-1 Cryptonym for Stefan Bandera.
CAVATINA-12 Cryptonym for Ivan Kashuba.
CAVATINA-2 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Stetsko.
CAVATINA-5 Cryptonym for Bodhan Pidhainy.
CAVATINA-6 Cryptonym for the Bandera faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B).
CAVERVE Interrogations of German prisoners of war (POWs) returning from the Soviet Union.
CAVIRIL LfV Bavaria.
CAVOICE Audio operation.
CAWASH West German Government Ministry of German Affairs.
CAWHISPER LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security Service).
CAWHISPER-16 Cryptonym for Hubert Schruebbers.
CAZAMIA LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security Service).
CC-12 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Josef Hermann Wirth as a member of his CC Net in Austria.
CC-13 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Wolfgang Von Pfaundler as a member of his CC Net in Austria.
CC-2 CC-2, during 1950-53, was Otto Von Bolschwing’s (V-B) cryptonym for Anton Boehm as a member of his CC Net (V-B’s Headquarter’s staff and direct contacts) in Austria.
CC-3 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Inge Von Der Tann as a member of his CC Net in Austria.
CE Counterespionage.
CENIS Cambridge Center for International Studies.
CENTAG Central Army Group. CENTAG was a unit in the NATO Military Command Structure responsible for providing Deployable Joint Staff Elements (DJSE) in support of NATO operations world-wide. More info here.
CHARITY OBDURATE (formerly OBSTACLE, Plan CHARITY) (1954-56), incorporated into OBLONG in 1956, exploited the intelligence potential of a significant Albanian emigre group in Rome (Balli Kombetar). Xhaver Deva associated with Project.
CHAURUS Byelorussian Liberation Union in Paris that was headed by Mikola Abramtchik.
Chikolov, Alexander CLAM (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
CHURGIN, Raymond S. Pseudonym for Freds Launags.
CI Counterintelligence.
CIA Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). BKCROWN, BKHERALD, BKTRUST, DYCLAIM, JKLANCE, KUBARK, NWBOLTON, PNEXCEL, PNINFINITE, PNJEWEL, PNPEAK, PNRADIUS, PNREADY, PNVALUE, PNWORLD, RTACTION, RVROCK, TQHIGHROAD, WOFACT, WOFIRM, ZACABAL (cryptonyms). Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 Jul. 1941 – 12 Jun. 1942; Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 Jun. 1942 – 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 – 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group
(CIG), 22 Jan. 1946 – 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CIA Contact Division KUJUMP (cryptonym).
CIA Counterintelligence Center KUDESK, KUWRAP, WOMUSE (cryptonyms).
CIA DCI CIA Director of Central Intelligence (DCI).
CIA DDCI CIA Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI).
CIA DDI CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI). KUCHAP, WOROMP (cryptonyms).
CIA DDO CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO). DYCLAW, KUDOVE, SVMACE, WOMACE (cryptonyms).
CIA DS&T CIA Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T). KUBASS, WOYARD (cryptonyms).
CIA Directorate of Intelligence PNORACLE (cryptonym).
CIA East Asia Division KOBIRD (cryptonym).
CIA Europe Division KEYWAY (cryptonym).
CIA Europe Division agent training TOEXCEL (cryptonym).
CIA Foreign Intelligence Staff WOLENS (cryptonym).
CIA International Activities Division WOLIME (cryptonym).
CIA International Organizations Division BGACTRESS (cryptonym).
CIA Latin America Division AKULE (cryptonym).
CIA Office of Central Reference (OCR) WOECRU (cryptonym).
CIA Office of General Counsel (OGC) LCDATA (cryptonym).
CIA Office of National Estimates (ONE) KUJAZZ, WOHORN (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) BGCANE, BGRHYTHM, DYCLAVIER, DYCLIP, DYCLUCK, FJCAPE, KNOBBY, VLKIVA, ZACACTUS (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Political Analysis (OPA) KUMONK, WOGEAR (cryptonym).
CIA Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) KUKNOB, WOLOBE, ZACALICO (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO). DYCLEAN, DYCLEMATIS, OGIVE, ZACABIN (cryptonyms).
CIA OSO Technical Guidance DYCLAMOR (cryptonym)
CIA Soviet Division REDBLOCK, REDCOAT, REDLEG, REDTOP (cryptonyms).
CIA TSD CIA Technical Services Division (TSD). AQUATIC, DYCLOTH, KUCITY, KURIOT, MKNOVA, MKTOPAZ, WOACRE, WOLOCK (cryptonyms).
CIC US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC or CIC). BGHABIT, DYMACULE, LNWILT, ODOPAL (cryptonyms).
CIG Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 Jul. 1941 – 12 Jun. 1942; Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 Jun. 1942 – 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 – 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 Jan. 1946 – 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CIRCLE Plan CIRCLE (1946-48) was a US Army CIC operation that recruited Sergio Mainetto to penetrate ONARMO (Opera Nazionale Assistionza Religiosa Morale Operai), an organization in Rome that sponsored illegal immigration to
Spain and South America. The Rome Office of the International Red Cross was staffed with a large number of German sympathizers who were facilitating the immmigration of Germans to South America. ONARMO also appeared to
have the blessing of the Vatican. CIA was given access to the information obtained from this operation.
Cirulis, Janis AEVAIN-24 (cryptonym). Associated with AEMARSH Project.
CKPOLAR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
CLAM OSS/SSU cryptonym for Alexander Chikolov.
Classen, Wilhelm JG-9633, RNSPLUNT (cryptonyms). Associated with QKSNITCH (Gesellschaft fuer Wehrkunde (GfW)) under Project KMMANLY.
CLAYTON, Mr. A. Alias for Aleks Kurgvel.
Clemens, Hans V-2665 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans CRAMER, HOFFMAN (Gehlen Organization alias). UJDRUM (cryptonym).
CLIP OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georg Meyer.
Code 307/7 SSU cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
COI Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 Jul. 1941 – 12 Jun. 1942; Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 Jun. 1942 – 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 – 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 Jan. 1946 – 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CONDUCTOR Cryptonym for Asher Ben-Nathan (aka Arthur PIER).
CONNY Gehlen Organization alias for Cornelius Van Der Horst.
Coordinator of Information (COI) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 Jul. 1941 – 12 Jun. 1942; Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 Jun. 1942 – 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 – 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 Jan. 1946 – 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CRABBE OSS Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
CRAMER, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Clemens.
CRASKE, Merritt C. Alias for Helmut Vogt.
CROWCASS British Central Registry of War Criminals and Security Suspects. Used by Allies after WWII to identify suspect war criminals.
Cube, Leonid Von CADENTINE-4 (cryptonym). Associated with CADENTINE Project.
Cuttsem, Marcel Van EE-2 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for a member of his EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria).
Czech, Hans CARETIRE-2 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the BKA).

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D

Term Definition
Dadone, Ugo DESDEMONA, LACERATOR, JK-78 (cryptonyms). Associated with Plan BAZAR and Project AREDIT.
DANIEL Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
Daugavas Vanagi Latvian Veterans Organization. Vilis Hazners was leader of this organization.
DCI CIA Director of Central Intelligence
DDCI CIA Deputy Director of Central Intelligence.
Debrassine, Heinz JG-7300 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat.
DECADEL Cryptonym for Xhaver Deva.
DEHNE, Manfred Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Dorn.
DEICHMAN, Josef Gehlen Organization alias for Josef Didinger.
DELIA SSU cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
DENKER OSS/SSU cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
DEODAR-1 Cryptonym for Valerio Benuzzi.
Deppner, Erich V-616 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Ernst BORCHERT, Egon DIETRICH (Gehlen Organization aliases).
DEPTHLESS-4 Cryptonym for Constantine Papanace.
DERNBURG, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Heinrich Lienhard.
Deryabin, Petr Soviet defector and former KGB officer.
DESDEMONA Cryptonym for Ugo Dadone.
DESNEW, Kenneth W. Pseudonym for Tscherim Soobzokov.
Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ) Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ), under Project KMMANLY, was the German Soldiers Newspaper. HTFULFIL, QKNAGNAG (cryptonyms).
Deva, Xhaver DECADEL (cryptonym). Associated with Projects OBLONG/OBDURATE, ZRNAUNTLE.
DEVILFISH OSS cryptonym for Sergio Mainetto.
DGB West German Federation of Trade Unions.
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). LNSHOE (cryptonym).
Dickopf, Paul CARAVEL (cryptonym). DENKER, HATHOR (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
Didinger, Josef V-13600 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Josef DEICHMAN, Josef DORER, Hans DURING (Gehlen Organization alias).
DIETRICH, Egon Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Deppner.
Dietrich, Wilhelm TT-2 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria). V-6628, formerly V-6606 (Gehlen Organization V-Numbers). GRALDER-1, LANDSEER-10 (cryptonyms).
DILLINGER Operation Monitoring of the Urban – Lukasch “garbage” collectors.
DIMITROFF, Ivan Alias for Ivan Docheff.
DISTAFF-60 Cryptonym for Alfred Kurt Krueger.
DIZTAG Czechoslovakia.
Docheff, Ivan DELIA, Code 307/7 (SSU cryptomyms). Ivan DIMITROFF (alias). GOMACE, MEMACE (CIA cryptonyms). He was Chief of Bulgarian Section of SSU Project SYBILLE (SSU), and also associated with Projects BGCONVOY, ZRNAUNTLE.
DOEHRING, Horst-Guenther Gehlen Organization alias for Alexander Dolezalek.
DOKTOR Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
Dolezalek, Alexander V-3002 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Horst-Guenther DOEHRING (Gehlen Organization alias).
Domes, Walter V-12024 (Gelhen Organization alias). Walter DRAHA, Daniel WILDORF (Gehlen Organization aliases).
DORER, Josef Gehlen Organization alias for Josef Didinger.
Dorn, Fritz V-3376 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Manfred Peter DEHNE, Fritz TRAUBE (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Dosse, Johann CAUTERY-6 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CAUTERY.
Dosti, Hasan Henry R. MALAMENT (alias). Associated with Project OBLIVIOUS. See also Balli Kombetar, BGFIEND, NCFA, OBOPUS, Shqiperia.
Draganovic, Krunoslav DYNAMO (US Army cryptonym).
DRAHA, Walter Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Domes.
DRC Defector Reception Center (DRC) in Frankfurt, Germany. CABEZONE (cryptonym).
Drzewiecki, Franciszek CALAMITOUS-1 (cryptonym).
DTBEYOND DTBEYOND Project provides for the rescue of individuals involved in escape and evasion activities in Germany. Georg Kretzschmar associated with Project.
DTCRUTCH CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO) Station at Karlsruhle.
DTELDER US Army European Command (EUCOM).
DTLINEN DTLINEN (formerly EARTHENWARE, GRAVEYARD) (1951-60) was a CIA covert propaganda, harassment, and sabotage activity subsidizing both the overt and covert the activities of the Kampgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit (Fighting Group against Inhumanity (KgU)) against East Germany. The KgU (CAJERSEY), an overt organization, sought to expose conditions in the USSR and Soviet Zone of Germany which were considered crimes against humanity. Heinrich Otto Krause associated with Project. Erich Von Sivers considered for possible use on Project.
DTPILLAR DTPILLAR (1951-67) refers to CIA support to The Asia Foundation, which undertook programs via private institutions in Asia to counteract the spread and appeal of communism. Karl Herczeg associated with Project. Minoru Maeda considered for possible use on Project.
DTRAPID Project DTRAPID involved police checks and investigative tasks. Sven-Gunner T ruehoff associated with Project.
DTTHICK Hamburg, West Germany.
Dukavits, Anton KIBITZ-201 (cryptonym). Worked in KIBITZ-15’s (Walter Kopp) net in the KIBITZ Project.
Dulles, Allen Robert A. ASCHAM (pseudonym). Allen Dulles was Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from 1953-62.
Duplitzer, Emil V-11718 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Durcansky, Jan BIOPHORE-1 (cryptonym). Associated with Project BIOPHORE.
DURING, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Josef Didinger.
DYCLAIM Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
DYCLAMOR CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO) Technical Guidance.
DYCLAVIER CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLAW CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO).
DYCLEAN CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
DYCLEMATIS CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
DYCLIMB KIBITZ staybehind program’s training program.
DYCLIP CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLOTH CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
DYCLUCK CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLUTCH CIA Communications Staff.
DYMACACO US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
DYMACULE US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC).
DYMADNESS US Department of Navy.
DYMAGPIE US Army.
DYMAROON US Department of State.
DYNAMO US Army cryptonym for Krunoslav Draganovic.

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E

Term Definition
EARTHENWARE DTLINEN (formerly EARTHENWARE, GRAVEYARD) (1951-60) was a CIA covert propaganda, harassment, and sabotage activity subsidizing both the overt and covert the activities of the Kampgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit (Fighting Group against Inhumanity (KgU)) against East Germany. The KgU (CAJERSEY), an overt organization, sought to expose conditions in the USSR and Soviet Zone of Germany which were considered crimes against humanity.
Heinrich Otto Krause associated with Project. Erich Von Sivers considered for possible use on Project.
EARTHWORM Psychological Warfare.
EBERT Gehlen Organization alias for Rolf Engel.
ECKERT, Dr. Oskar Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
EDER Alias for Josef Stigler.
EDUCATOR QKDEMON (formerly UMPIRE, EDUCATOR) (1949-50) was a psychological warfare project and provided the production and dissemination of covert propaganda against the Soviet Union and its satellites using radio broadcasts and printed material. Hildegard Beetz associated with Project.
EE Abbreviation of Escape and Evasion. Also abbreviated as E&E.
EE-1 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Hugo Montjoye-Vaufrey as a member of his EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
EE-2 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Marcel Van Cuttsem as a member of his EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
EE-4 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Otto Schulmeister as a member of his EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
ELLER Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Gustav Erdmann.
Engel, Rolf EBERT (Gehlen Organization alias).
ENGELHARDT, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Heinrich Lienhard.
EQUAL British cryptonym for the Rote Kapelle.
Erdmann, Fritz Gustav V-2665.2 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz LOHRMANN, ELLER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Erhard, Ludwig CASPHERE (cryptonym) during 1963-66.
Escapee Program The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President’s Escapee Program (PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc (nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
EUCHRE PBSTEAM (formerly EUCHRE, later AEFORD) (1948-50) provided the services, experience, and backgound of a Russian specialist, Gustav Hilger, for not only CIA but also other U.S. Government agencies.
EUCOM US Army European Command (EUCOM). DTELDER (cryptonym).
Europaische Wehrkorrespondenz (WWR) Europaische Wehrkorrespondenz (EWK), under Project KMMANLY, was the European Defense Newsletter.

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F

Term Definition
FALLIBLE Cryptonym for Horia Sima.
FAMINE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Murat Ferid.
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). NVGROUP, ODENVY (cryptonyms).
Fedyk, Yaroslav AECASSOWARY-6, CARTEL-6, CASSOWARY-6 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project AERODYNAMIC.
Feibig, Konrad V-22352 (formerly V-7038) (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Konrad FIEDLER, Konrad FISCHER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Feist, Karl Joseph V-8833 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz KORF, Dr. Karl WILKE (Gehlen Organization aliases).
FELDMAN, Igor A. Pseudonym for Alfreds Riekstins
Felfe, Heinz UJDROWSY (cryptonym). FRIESEN (Gehlen Organization alias).
FELICITAS Alias used by Hildegard Beetz when she was an agent for Amt VI, RSHA, 1940-45.
Fellner, Anton HH-1 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Fellner).
Ferid, Murat FAMINE, CAMEO (OSS/SSU cryptonyms). V-11364 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
FI Foreign Intelligence.
FIAT Field Information Agency Technical (FIAT).
FIDO OSS/SSU cryptonym for Miron Pankevich.
FIEDLER, Konrad Gehlen Organization alias for Konrad Fiebig
FINK Gehlen Organization alias for Alois Fischer.
Finsterer, Werner V-2354 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner WINTERSTEIN, Fritz WEIGAND, Fritz KAEMMER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Fischer, Alois FINK (Gehlen Organization alias).
Fischer, Eduard CASTONE-4, CAPEDAL-1 (cryptonyms). Associated with
CASTONE/CAPEDAL Project.
FISCHER, George Alias for Alois Brunner.
FISCHER, Konrad Gehlen Organization alias for Konrad Fiebig
FJCAPE CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
FJDRAFT Cryptonym for Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR).
FJDUST Cable indicator for CIA security.
FJGOODS Cryptonym for Foreign Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (ZPUHVR).
FJHAKI Estonia.
FJLESSON North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
FJMACHINE Free Europe Exile Relations (FEER), a Division of the Free Europe Committee, Inc. James McCargar was European Director of FEER (1955-58).
FJPASTIME Cable indicator for military support flights.
FJPLEAD Foreign intelligence collection activities against the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Chinese communists.
FJROWDY Stockholm.
FJSTEAL Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Flachslander, Josef CAPEDAL-3, CASTONE-16, CAROAST-3 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project CASTONE.
Flegel, Arwed V-2954 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Alfred FRIEDMANN, Hans Hermann MIGSCH, NIETSCH (Gehlen Organization aliases).
FLUSH OSS cryptonym for Fritz Schwend.
FOGDOGS Air Reconnaissance Wing at Clark Field.
FORD CAMISADE (formerly FORD) are OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms for Joachim Weinert.
Foreign Armies East From 1942-45, Reinhard Gehlen was Chief, Fremde Heere Ost (Foreign Armies East), Hitler’s intelligence group with mission to obtain all possible intelligence material dealing with military, political, or economic situation in the USSR and southeastern European countries. In April 1945 before the war
ended, Hitler replaced Gehlen with Gerhard Wessel as head of this group. See Gehlen Organization.
FOX FOX/UJLENTIL refers to SATURN Program’s West German air-reception teams with drop and landing zones plotted.
Frank, Friedrich V-14415 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). FRANKE, KRUEGER (Gehlen Organization alias).
FRANKE Gehlen Organization alias for Friedrich Frank.
FRANKE, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sander.
Fremde Heere Ost See Foreign Armies East.
Friede, Willy Heinrich V-2835 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Frank PAX (Gehlen Organization alias).
FRIEDMANN, Alfred Gehlen Organization alias for Arwed Flegel.
FRIESE, Gustav Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Froehlich.
FRIESEN Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Felfe.
Froehlich, Kurt V-2327 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Gustav FRIESE (Gehlen Organization alias).
Froehlich, Sergie CANUCK, JG-2627, KM-26 (cryptonyms). PRUNE (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
Fumy, Rudolf Rudolf FUNK (Gehlen Organization alias).
FUNK, Rudolf Gehlen Organization alias for Rudolf Fumy.

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G

GOLLY, Guenther V-11126 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).

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H

Term Definition
Haas, Karl GRUESOME 201 (G-2 US Forces Austria’s cryptonym for Haas).
HABEDANK, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Handrack.
Haderlein, Andreas V-9112 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ALBERT, Albert HALBACH, Arthur HESSE, Albert RICHTER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HAEHNERT Gehlen Organization alias for Johannes Hossbach.
HAENDLER Gehlen Organization alias for Guenther Woest.
HAHN, Cleveland O. Pseudonym for Freds Launags.
HALBACH, Albert Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Handrack, Hans V-11760 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans HABEDANK, Rolf OSTERREICH (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Hantel, Otto CACUS-4 (cryptonym).
HARVARD HARVARD (1951-65) was designed initially to provide safehouse and operational aid facilities for CIA activities in Germany. In 1952, the HARVARD mission was expanded to include the rehabilitation and resettlement of defectors, agents, and agent-trainees.
HASSEL, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
HATHOR OSS/SSU cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
Hazners, Vilis AEKILO-2 (cryptonym). Associated with AEBALCONY, AEFREEMAN/AEFLAG, AEMARSH Projects. See also Daugavas Vanagi.
HBCAPON CIA OSO Station (Karlsruhe).
HBCHEST Sweden.
HBDEBATE HBDEBATE/JBLIMBERS refers to clandestine coordinating and planning committee, SHAPE.
HBFINCH US Embassy.
HBGROPING West German Federal Government.
HBHATCH Latvia.
HBLAURITE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
HBREBEL Russian Zone of Germany.
HBTROUT Canada.
Hebenstreit, Erno Karoly XX-61 (Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for a member of his XX Net (Hungarian Catholic Group living in West) in Austria).
Hehn, Juergen Von V-18526 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Heidschuch, Erich V-2620 (Gehlen Organization V-Nymber). Eduard BERGMANN (Gehlen Organization alias).
Heinz, Friedrich Wilhelm CAPOTE (cryptonym). Associated with Amt Blank, the predecessor organization of part of the West German Ministry of Defense.
Helfsgott, Ernst V-7041 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner HELLER, Willi HILLMANN, Werner HASSEL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HELLER OSS/SSU alias for Heinz Schmalschlager.
HELLER, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
Helms, Richard M. Fletcher M. KNIGHT (pseudonym). Richard M. Helms was Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from 1966-73 and Deputy Director for Plans (DDP) from 1962-65.
HEMERET, Lyman M. Pseudonym for Arturs Brombergs.
HENNE Operation HENNE was a Gehlen Organization operation against the HungarianTrade Mission in Frankfurt. The Gehlen Organization used Helmut Triska in this operation.
Hennyey, Gustav Considered for possible use with National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE).
Herczeg, Karl Associated with Project DTPILLAR.
HERRING OSS/SSU alias for Kuno Wirsich.
HESSE, Arthur Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Heusinger, Adolf Adolf HORN (Gehlen Organization alias). RNMELLATE (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the West German Ministry of Defense).
HH-1 Otto Von Bolschwing’s cryptonym for Anton Fellner.
HIAG Hilfsgemeinschaft auf Gegenseitigkeit (HIAG), veterans organization of former SS members.
HIAS Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS).
HIAWATHA Cryptonym for Herbert Von Strempel.
Hilger, Gustav CALABEL-1 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the West German Foreign Office). Stephen H. HOLCOMB, Arthur T. LATTER (pseudonyms). Associated with Project AEFORD (formerly PBSTEAM).
Hillmann, Fritz CARCER-1 (cryptonym).
HILLMANN, Willi Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
Hirsemann, Johannes CABATON-39 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CABATON.
HIWAY Cable indicator for Hungarian intelligence operations.
Hochhauser, Egbert Considered for possible use on Project GRCROOND.
HOEFNER, Ludwig Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Pfahls.
Hoeher, Wolfgang V-2996 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
HOFFMAN Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Clemens.
Hoffmann, Otto Paul BERGER, PAUL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HOLCOMB, Stephen H. Pseudonym for Gustav Hilger.
HOLGERS Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Kurreck.
HOLM Gehlen Organization alias for Major General Horst Wendland.
HOLM, Guenther Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Otten.
HOPKALIT Polish Intelligence Service cryptonym for Kurt Billmaier.
Horak, Stephan PL-507 (cryptonym). Briefly attended ZRELOPE training program.
HORN, Adolf Gehlen Organization alias for Adolf Heusinger.
Horst, Cornelius Van Der V-2951 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). CONNY (Gehlen Organization alias).
Hossbach, Johannes HAEHNERT (Gehlen Organization alias).
Hrinioch, Ivan CAPARISON, CARTEL-1, AECASSOWARY-3, CASSOWARY-3,
QRDYNAMIC-3 (cryptonyms). Associated with Projects BELLADONNA/TRIDENT, AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE), QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE).
HTCURIO American or US, not US Government.
HTENFORCE United Press.
HTEXOTIC Munich, Germany.
HTFULFIL Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ), German Soldiers Newspaper. See KMMANLY.
HTMANDOLA US Army Europe (USAEUR).
 HTNEIGH OBLIVIOUS (1949-55), formerly HTNEIGH and part of OBOPUS, provided support to National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA) as CIA’s overt vehicle for political, psychological, paramilitary activities against Albania. Hasan Dosti associated with OBLIVIOUS.
 HTOUTRIG HTOUTRIG Project was planned to be an Hungarian veterans’ organization to serve as a pool for prospective paramilitary and propaganda activities and combat the fast-growing organization of the notorious General Zako, but Project never became operational. Ferenc Koszorus named as Principal Agent on Project.
HTOXIDE London.

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V

V-11126 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Guenther Golly.

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