History of America’s One Percent – Episode #18

hogaf-logo-wip2In this podcast series we dive into the long and shadowy history of America’s ruling elite through the works of authors who were either silenced, suppressed, or forgotten, to discover the origins of the 1% and from where their power and wealth was, and still is, extracted.

Each recording will be approx. 1 hour in length to allow for easy consumption of the material.  The narrator will only interrupt the reading to provide insight, spell names, read informative footnotes, or provide definitions for archaic words.


In this episode – Continued reading of History of Great American Fortunes by Gustavus Myers.  Includes Part III, Chapter II:  A Necessary Contrast.  Who Is Really Behind the Curtain In America?  Covert Manipulation of Government.  The Railroads Reign From 1845 to 1890.  The Terrible Conditions of the Masses.  Going On Strike a Crime.  First Labor Strike in America in 1803.  The Magnificent Slum Populations.  From Sunrise to Sunset: the Twelve, Fourteen, and Sixteen Hour Workday.  The Myth of the “Good Old Days” In America.  Agitation For the Ten Hour Workday in 1825.  Churches and Newspapers Assail The Labor Strikes. A Plea to Congress is a Plea to Their Exploiters. The Manufacturing of Money: An Enormous Injustice.  Militia Used To Break Strikes.  Breaking Up Labor Unions On Conspiracy Charges.  Labor Unions Become Powerful in the 1840’s.  Centralization of Labor Power Renders Them Vulnerable to Corruption.  Bribes to Labor Leaders.  Rigging Elections.  Abolition of Slavery Harmonious With Large Factory Owners in the North.  Transformation of the Government in the 1880’s.  Robber Barons Seize Direct Control of the Senate, Push Out Their Middlemen. U.S. Senate Known As the “Millionaires’ Club.”  Seventeenth Amendment Requires Popular Vote of Senators, Passed in 1913.  Some Corruption Rooted Out of the Senate.  President of Sugar Trust Testifies to Congress: We Finance Both Parties.  Republicans & Democrats Were Always Bought and Paid For.  Presidential Campaign Donations in 1920: $10,000,000.

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Click Here for a complete list of episodes in this podcast.
You can also stream the episodes from Archive.org
For more information on the author of this book Click Here.

PART III, CHAPTER II – FOOTNOTES

[1] The slum population of the United States increased rapidly. “According to the best estimates,” stated the “Seventh Special Report of the U. S. Commissioner of Labor —The Slums of Great Cities, 1894,” “the total slum population of Baltimore is about 25,000; of Chicago, 162,000; of New York, 360,000; of Philadelphia, 35,000” (p. 12). The figures of the average weekly wages per individual of the slum population revealed why there was so large a slum population. In Baltimore these wages were $8.65½ per week; in Chicago, $9.88½; in New York, $8.36, and in Philadelphia, $8.68 per week (p. 64).
In his “Modern Social Conditions,” Bailey, basing his statements upon the U. S. Census of 1900, asserted that 109,750 persons had died from tuberculosis in the United States in 1900. “Plenty of fresh air and sunlight,” he wrote, “will kill the germs, and yet it is estimated that there are eight millions of people who will eventually die from consumption unless strenuous efforts are made to combat the disease. Working in a confined atmosphere, and living in damp, poorly ventilated rooms, the dwellers in the tenements of the great cities fall easy victims to the great white plague (p. 265).
These slum areas have remained down to the present writing, although in gradually diminishing extent. One reason for the decline was the stopping, by the laws of 1921, 1924 and 1927, of unrestricted immigration to America, for it had been the unlimited inflow of immigrants which to a large degree had supplied the slum population. Another reason, in New York City at least, was the widening of some narrow streets which had nourished slums, and the enlargement of transit facilities which gave speedy access to outlying sections. A third influencing reason was the action taken by the combined action of Federal, State and municipal governments, especially in 1933-1936, to provide low-cost decent apartments in sections not hard to reach from points of work.

[2] “The Labor Movement” : 339.

[3] Executive Documents, First Session, Twenty-third Congress, 1834, Doc. No. 104.

[4] Commonwealth vs. Hunt and others; Metcalf’s Supreme Court Reports, iv : 111. The prosecution had fallen back on the old English law of the time of Queen Elizabeth, making it a criminal offence for workingmen to refuse to work under certain wages. This law, Rantoul argued, had not been specifically adopted as common law in the United States after the Revolution.

[5] U. S. Senate Report, No. 485, Fifty-third Congress, Second Session, June 21, 1894.

[6] “Presidential Campaign Expenditures,” U. S. Senate Report No. 823, Sixty-sixth Congress, Third Session (February 24, 1921) 3, 12.

[7] U. S. Senate Report No. 1480, Seventieth Congress, Second Session, 1929: 2, 14, 27, 31, etc. Also Report No. 2024, 1929: 5-6.

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